LET’S FACE IT…
Building a Daily Skincare Routine is Essential
Text by Tatiana Krause

Above: Tatiana Krause is the certified and licensed aesthetician at THE CENTER for Advanced Dermatology.

Great skin is not simply a matter of genes — your daily habits, in fact, have a big impact on what you see in the mirror. But depending on which product reviews you read or what advise friends offer, there is a dizzying number of opinions on everything from how to moisturize to how to protect yourself from UV rays. Ultimately, caring for your skin properly requires guidance from an expert. To help you sort through all the noise, we consulted with Tatiana Krause, the certified and licensed aesthetician at THE CENTER for Advanced Dermatology.

No matter your skin type or age, Krause identifies five essential components that are necessary to develop a healthy, daily skin routine: cleanse, exfoliate, moisturize, and application of both sunscreen and retinol. Here’s her rundown on each. 

Above: The first step in every skincare routine is washing your face twice a day.

CLEANSE

Washing your face is the most basic and necessary step of any routine. Our skin comes in contact with environmental pollutants, dirt and other factors each day that should be gently removed. I recommend that you wash twice a day, morning and night, to avoid clogged pores, dullness and acne breakouts. Oily skin responds well to an exfoliating cleanser with glycolic or salicylic acid, which will slough away dead skin and unclog pores, while dry skin fairs best with a cream-based product, and those with combination skin should alternate between the two. Following your morning cleanse is the perfect time to topically apply Vitamin C. This step will help to combat free radicals damage that is caused by UVA rays.

EXFOLIATE

Exfoliation is the process of removing dead cells from the outermost layer of our skin’s surface.Though it’s important to note that skin naturally sheds on its own, implementing an exfoliation routine can create a brighter, smoother complexion and decrease the likelihood of build-up of grime, bacteria, perspiration, and leftover skincare products. 

Simply put, your skin will feel and look refreshed. This shedding of the outer layer unclogs pores, keeps skin clean, and helps reduce acne breakouts. The new, clean, and fresh layer of skin allows for better product absorption into the skin and also reduces aging. Over time, stimulating the skin renewal process by getting rid of dead skin cells helps to promote collagen production, which helps minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Above: The application of moisturizer, sunscreen, and retinol is essential in every daily skincare routine.

MOISTURIZE

The most basic function of a moisturizer is to hydrate and soften the skin. Essentially, moisturizers assist in preventing water loss through the outer layers of skin. Moisturizers can also complement the naturally found protective oils and other building blocks within the skin. Skin naturally loses the ability to retain moisture as we age and daily activities, such as washing, can strip natural hydrators from the surface.

Everyone needs moisture, but the texture of your moisturizer will differ depending on your skin type: oily skin requires a lightweight, water-based gel formula, dry skin does best with a cream-based product, and those with combination skin should use a lotion.

SUNSCREEN 

Sunscreen is, hands down, the most crucial skincare product. It’s of the utmost importance as part of your year-round regimen. Daily and consistent sunscreen use helps to prevent the development of fine lines and wrinkles, textural imperfections, and changes the appearance of pores over time. More importantly, daily sunscreen use can help to prevent the formation of certain skin cancers. Remember to select a broad spectrum SPF of at least 30 that contains zinc oxide. And, do remember to reapply as needed.

RETINOL

After sunscreen, retinol is the most important product to use nightly. As we age, the body produces less and less collagen, but retinol will combat the loss by promoting cell turn-over and replenishing collagen production. In addition to improving the overall appearance of your skin, the other benefits of retinol include reducing wrinkles, acne breakouts, red spots and curbing precancerous conditions. 

At first, retinol can cause irritation and dryness, so a tolerance must be built up gradually by alternating application days until your body adjusts to the product. Since retinol is sun sensitive, use only in your evening regime. But, if you stick with retinol, the rewards of a better skin will be apparent.

Do remember that consistency is key. By following these five essential steps each day, you’re on your way to feeling and looking your best!

Tatiana Krause, a certified and licensed aesthetician at THE CENTER for Advanced Dermatology, is a graduate of  the renown National Laser Institute. She also holds Cosmetic Laser Technician and Laser Safety Officer licenses. Health, fitness, and beauty, both inside and out, are the three key elements that form the pillars of her passion for creating long- lasting, and glowing improvements for her clients.